ILL 265 – History of Illustration

Schedule – Spring 2015

1/15                Introduction: Syllabus, schedule, tests, research paper, Top Hat.

1/22                1700’s to turn of the 20th century

• The Revolution and Civil War illustrations to the turn of the century publishing. The invention of photographic plate separation enables full color printing from paintings, ushering in the Golden Age of Illustration. America’s ideal sweetheart, the Gibson Girl, influences turn-of-the-century culture.

• Wood Block Prints, Four Color Printing, Felix Octavius Carr Darley, Winslow Homer, Frederic Sackrider Remington, Edwin Austin Abbey, Charles Dana Gibson, A.B.Frost, Howard Pyle and the Brandwine School, etc.

1/29                1900’s – 1910
                        • Howard Pyle’s Brandywine School dominates the publishing field. N.C.Wyeth illustrates for Charles Schribner’s Sons’ classics series.

• Joseph Clement Coll, Newell Convers Wyeth, Harvey Dunn, Maxfield Parrish, The Red Rose Girls, Jessie Wilcox Smith, Violet Oakley, Elizabeth Shippen Green, Frank E. Schoonover, Winsor McCay, the Golden Age of Illustration, magazine illustrations for: Harper’s, Scribner’s, McCall’s, Collier’s, etc.

film: Frank Schoonover

2/5                  1910 – 1920
                        • Illustration helps fuel American patriotism during World War I.

• The Amory show, Franklin Booth, Coles Phillips, The Eight (The Ashcan School), Henry Patrick Raleigh, James Montgomery Flagg’s Uncle Sam, Howard Chandler Christy, Charles Livingston Bull, Arthur William Brown, Arthur Ignatius Keller, Rose O’Neil, Walter Biggs, etc.

Film: Winsor McKay’s “Gertie”

2/12                1920 – 1930
                        • Post - WWI economy booms into the Roaring Twenties. Illustration reflects the up-beat attitude and elegance of the era.

• Joseph Christian Leyendecker, John Held Jr., Dean Cornwell, Saul Tepper, Neysa Mc Mein, James Allen St. John, College Humor, The New Yorker, The Saturday Evening Post, etc.

2/19                1930 – 1940
                        • The Great Depression brings an end to the frivolous twenties. Except for a few top illustrators, the market suffers. Pulps rise in popularity. WPA helps artists survive through government projects.

• Mead Schaeffer, George Petty (The Petty Girl), Norman Rockwell, Andrew Loomis, Haddon Sundblom, John LaGatta, McClelland Barclay, Peter Helck, Boris Artzybasheff, Tamara de Lempicka, etc.

2/26                1940 – 1950
                        • World War II ends the Depression. The post-war boom puts illustrators in demand by publishers and advertisers.

• John Gannam, Tom Lovell, Ben Stahl, Al Dorne, Robert Fawcett, Stevan Dohanos, Al Parker, Ben Shahn, John Whitcomb, etc.

                        • Film: ‘They Drew Fire’.

                        • Review for mid-term

3/5                  Mid-Term Test

3/12                Spring Break – no classes

3/19                1950 – 1960
                        • Starting as a decade of growth for advertising and editorial illustration, by 1960 television was pushing the field in unforeseen directions.

• The Seven Sisters (McCall’s, Ladies Home Journal, Cosmopolitan, Redbook, Good Housekeeping, Seventeen, Woman’s Day), Al Hirschfeld, James Bama, James Avati, Austin Briggs, Joe De Mers, Coby Whitmore, Robert McCall, etc.

3/26                1960 – 1970
                        • Illustration for major national magazines starts to fade as paperbacks expand their market. The Vietnam War divides the country. Many illustrators move to western topics and gallery representation.

• Space Program, Robert Weaver, Harvey Schmidt, Bernie Fuchs, Lorraine Fox, Mort Kunstler, Ted Coconis, Paul Calle, Reynold Brown, Robert Shore, Robert McGinnis, Milton Glaser, Seymour Chwast, Frank McCarthy, Don Weller, Jack Davis, David Levine, Frank Frazetta, Harvey Dinnerstein, Max Ginsburg, etc.

4/2                  1970 – 1980
                        • Magazines reduce size and illustrations while specialty publications expand their markets. Sci-fi and fantasy subjects gain wide popularity.

• Mark English, Fred Otnes, Bob Peak, Allen Cober, Ed Sorel, James Spanfeller, Jack Unruh, Barron Storey, Burt Silverman, Gene Szafran, Paul Davis, Dick Hess, Doug Johnson, Wilson McLean, Brad Holland, Arnold Roth, Bob Cunningham, etc.

                        Research papers may be turned in before this class for early review

 4/9                  1980 – 1990
                        • The Graphic Novel rises from comics to give a new, powerful voice to social concerns. Illustrators look back for influences.

• The Luminaires, David Grove, Robert Hunt, Kasu Sano.
Marshall Arisman, Barron Storey, Bill Sienkiewicz, Frank Miller, Greg Spalenka, Bob Heindel, John Collier, Skip Liepke, etc.

4/16                1990 – 2000
• Children’s Books take on a new sophistication as an outlet for illustrators with traditional to avant-garde approaches along with the increased interest in Sci-fi/Fantasy and children’s books as source material for films. The computer gains popularity as the new tool for illustration.

• Anita Kunz, Chris Payne, Gary Kelly, Mark Summers, Peter de Seve, Brian Ajhar, Steve Brodner, Joe Ciardiello, Kinuko Craft, Teresa Fascillano, Vincent Di Fate, Dan Giancola (Donato), Greg Manchess, John Rush, etc.

• Children’s Book Illustration:, Leo and Diane Dillon, Jerry Pinkney, Charles Santore, Chris van Allsburg, etc.

• Early Computer: Chris Spollen, Nancy Stahl, Danny Palavin, William Low.
                        Research Papers due by today’s class

4/23                2000 – 2010
                        • Contemporary applications of illustration in print and the entertainment industry’s uses of graphic novels, storyboards, animation, and set design.. Illustration in licensing of popular culture images and self developed projects.

                        • Sterling Hundley, Sam Weber, Frank Stockton, Jillian Tamaki, James Jean, Yuko Shimizu, Tomer Hanuka, Victo Ngai, Andy Friedman, etc           

                        Review for final.

4/30                Final Test.

This schedule and contents may change according to the needs of the class and scope of the material covered.

Research Paper – Spring 2015

This is a Research Paper in which you are expected to compile facts relating to the history of illustration. Your personal reactions to this research may be set-up in the introduction and summarized in a closing statement. Otherwise, do not make opinioned statements without quoting the source.

•The scope of the paper will be a historical review of two illustrators from the decades leading up to the 20th Century (1850-1900) and two illustrators from each decade of the 20th century (1900-1910, 1910-1920, 1920-1930, 1930-1940, 1940-1950, 1950- 1960, 1960-1970, 1970-1980, 1980-1990, 1990-2000) for a total of 22 illustrators.

•The Research Paper must be not less than 2500 words (slightly more if needed) with supportive images for each subject (a total of at least 22 images). Images may be included within the text to which they refer and should not be less than 1/4 page each (3” by 4” minimum) in size. You may also choose to include the images on separate pages or as a group in back, but be sure to have an easy-to-use reference system within the text. All images must be captioned with: artist’s name, publication or client, dates, medium, etc.

•Text must be 12 point type on 8 1/2” X 11” sheets of paper in a plastic cover sleeve (vertical format) with a titled cover sheet including your name. Accompanying images must be readable (quarter to full page). Presentation should look professional.

•You must use at least three sources, which will be listed in the paper’s bibliography (included at the end of the paper in addition to the 2500 word requirement). Internet sources collectively count as one source (Wikipedia is not a credible source – do not use it as part of your bibliography). Bibliography and citations will be written in the Chicago Manual of Style format. Research paper must be cited.

•Following these minimum requirements will earn a grade of ‘C’. A higher grade can be earned by including insight into the social context during which the work was created or interconnecting movements, styles, subject matter, or influences between the illustrators you’ve chosen. Consult with the instructor for guidance.

•The Research Paper must be turned in by the beginning of class on 4/16/15. Late papers will be reduced in grade. There will be no re-do on papers. Have your paper reviewed for type-O’s and grammar, especially if English is your second language.

•You may turn in your papers for review anytime prior to 4/02/15. They will be returned to you by 4/09/15 with corrections and suggestions to improve your paper’s grade.

•This paper represents one third of your grade for this class. The mid-term and final tests also count as one third each.

*Any questions may be addressed to:

Bob Dacey

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